9.1 用户认证与权限控制

开启权限及相关配置请先参考 权限配置 文档

用户认证与权限控制概述:

HugeGraph支持多用户认证、以及细粒度的权限访问控制,采用基于“用户-用户组-操作-资源”的4层设计,灵活控制用户角色与权限。 资源描述了图数据库中的数据,比如符合某一类条件的顶点,每一个资源包括type、label、properties三个要素,共有18种type、 任意label、任意properties的组合形成的资源,一个资源的内部条件是且关系,多个资源之间的条件是或关系。用户可以属于一个或多个用户组, 每个用户组可以拥有对任意个资源的操作权限,操作类型包括:读、写、删除、执行等种类。 HugeGraph支持动态创建用户、用户组、资源, 支持动态分配或取消权限。初始化数据库时超级管理员用户被创建,后续可通过超级管理员创建各类角色用户,新创建的用户如果被分配足够权限后,可以由其创建或管理更多的用户。

举例说明:

user(name=boss) -belong-> group(name=all) -access(read)-> target(graph=graph1, resource={label: person, city: Beijing})
描述:用户'boss'拥有对'graph1'图中北京人的读权限。

接口说明:

用户认证与权限控制接口包括5类:UserAPI、GroupAPI、TargetAPI、BelongAPI、AccessAPI。

9.2 用户(User)API

用户接口包括:创建用户,删除用户,修改用户,和查询用户相关信息接口。

9.2.1 创建用户

Params
  • user_name: 用户名称
  • user_password: 用户密码
  • user_phone: 用户手机号
  • user_email: 用户邮箱

其中 user_name 和 user_password 为必填。

Request Body
{
    "user_name": "boss",
    "user_password": "******",
    "user_phone": "182****9088",
    "user_email": "123@xx.com"
}
Method & Url
POST http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/users
Response Status
201
Response Body

返回报文中,密码为加密后的密文

{
    "user_password": "******",
    "user_email": "123@xx.com",
    "user_update": "2020-11-17 14:31:07.833",
    "user_name": "boss",
    "user_creator": "admin",
    "user_phone": "182****9088",
    "id": "-63:boss",
    "user_create": "2020-11-17 14:31:07.833"
}

9.2.2 删除用户

Params
  • id: 需要删除的用户 Id
Method & Url
DELETE http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/users/-63:test
Response Status
204
Response Body
1

9.2.3 修改用户

Params
  • id: 需要修改的用户 Id
Method & Url
PUT http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/users/-63:test
Request Body

修改user_name、user_password和user_phone

{
    "user_name": "test",
    "user_password": "******",
    "user_phone": "183****9266"
}
Response Status
200
Response Body

返回结果是包含修改过的内容在内的整个用户组对象

{
    "user_password": "******",
    "user_update": "2020-11-12 10:29:30.455",
    "user_name": "test",
    "user_creator": "admin",
    "user_phone": "183****9266",
    "id": "-63:test",
    "user_create": "2020-11-12 10:27:13.601"
}

9.2.4 查询用户列表

Params
  • limit: 返回结果条数的上限
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/users
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "users": [
        {
            "user_password": "******",
            "user_update": "2020-11-11 11:41:12.254",
            "user_name": "admin",
            "user_creator": "system",
            "id": "-63:admin",
            "user_create": "2020-11-11 11:41:12.254"
        }
    ]
}

9.2.5 查询某个用户

Params
  • id: 需要查询的用户 Id
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/users/-63:admin
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "users": [
        {
            "user_password": "******",
            "user_update": "2020-11-11 11:41:12.254",
            "user_name": "admin",
            "user_creator": "system",
            "id": "-63:admin",
            "user_create": "2020-11-11 11:41:12.254"
        }
    ]
}

9.2.6 查询某个用户的角色

Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/users/-63:boss/role
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "roles": {
        "hugegraph": {
            "READ": [
                {
                    "type": "ALL",
                    "label": "*",
                    "properties": null
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

9.3 用户组(Group)API

用户组会赋予相应的资源权限,用户会被分配不同的用户组,即可拥有不同的资源权限。
用户组接口包括:创建用户组,删除用户组,修改用户组,和查询用户组相关信息接口。

9.3.1 创建用户组

Params
  • group_name: 用户组名称
  • group_description: 用户组描述
Request Body
{
    "group_name": "all",
    "group_description": "group can do anything"
}
Method & Url
POST http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/groups
Response Status
201
Response Body
{
    "group_creator": "admin",
    "group_name": "all",
    "group_create": "2020-11-11 15:46:08.791",
    "group_update": "2020-11-11 15:46:08.791",
    "id": "-69:all",
    "group_description": "group can do anything"
}

9.3.2 删除用户组

Params
  • id: 需要删除的用户组 Id
Method & Url
DELETE http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/groups/-69:grant
Response Status
204
Response Body
1

9.3.3 修改用户组

Params
  • id: 需要修改的用户组 Id
Method & Url
PUT http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/groups/-69:grant
Request Body

修改group_description

{
    "group_name": "grant",
    "group_description": "grant"
}
Response Status
200
Response Body

返回结果是包含修改过的内容在内的整个用户组对象

{
    "group_creator": "admin",
    "group_name": "grant",
    "group_create": "2020-11-12 09:50:58.458",
    "group_update": "2020-11-12 09:57:58.155",
    "id": "-69:grant",
    "group_description": "grant"
}

9.3.4 查询用户组列表

Params
  • limit: 返回结果条数的上限
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/groups
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "groups": [
        {
            "group_creator": "admin",
            "group_name": "all",
            "group_create": "2020-11-11 15:46:08.791",
            "group_update": "2020-11-11 15:46:08.791",
            "id": "-69:all",
            "group_description": "group can do anything"
        }
    ]
}

9.3.5 查询某个用户组

Params
  • id: 需要查询的用户组 Id
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/groups/-69:all
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "group_creator": "admin",
    "group_name": "all",
    "group_create": "2020-11-11 15:46:08.791",
    "group_update": "2020-11-11 15:46:08.791",
    "id": "-69:all",
    "group_description": "group can do anything"
}

9.4 资源(Target)API

资源描述了图数据库中的数据,比如符合某一类条件的顶点,每一个资源包括type、label、properties三个要素,共有18种type、 任意label、任意properties的组合形成的资源,一个资源的内部条件是且关系,多个资源之间的条件是或关系。
资源接口包括:资源的创建、删除、修改和查询。

9.4.1 创建资源

Params
  • target_name: 资源名称
  • target_graph: 资源图
  • target_url: 资源地址
  • target_resources: 资源定义(列表)

target_resources可以包括多个target_resource,以列表的形式存储。
每个target_resource包含:

  • type:可选值 VERTEX, EDGE等, 可填ALL,则表示可以是顶点或边;
  • label:可选值,⼀个顶点或边类型的名称,可填*,则表示任意类型;
  • properties:map类型,可包含多个属性的键值对,必须匹配所有属性值,属性值⽀持填条件范围(age: P.gte(18)),properties如果为null表示任意属性均可,如果属性名和属性值均为‘*ʼ也表示任意属性均可。

如精细资源:"target_resources": [{"type":"VERTEX","label":"person","properties":{"city":"Beijing","age":"P.gte(20)"}}]**
资源定义含义:类型是'person'的顶点,且城市属性是'Beijing',年龄属性大于等于20。

Request Body
{
    "target_name": "all",
    "target_graph": "hugegraph",
    "target_url": "127.0.0.1:8080",
    "target_resources": [
        {
            "type": "ALL"
        }
    ]
}
Method & Url
POST http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/targets
Response Status
201
Response Body
{
    "target_creator": "admin",
    "target_name": "all",
    "target_url": "127.0.0.1:8080",
    "target_graph": "hugegraph",
    "target_create": "2020-11-11 15:32:01.192",
    "target_resources": [
        {
            "type": "ALL",
            "label": "*",
            "properties": null
        }
    ],
    "id": "-77:all",
    "target_update": "2020-11-11 15:32:01.192"
}

9.4.2 删除资源

Params
  • id: 需要删除的资源 Id
Method & Url
DELETE http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/targets/-77:gremlin
Response Status
204
Response Body
1

9.4.3 修改资源

Params
  • id: 需要修改的资源 Id
Method & Url
PUT http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/targets/-77:gremlin
Request Body

修改资源定义中的type

{
    "target_name": "gremlin",
    "target_graph": "hugegraph",
    "target_url": "127.0.0.1:8080",
    "target_resources": [
        {
            "type": "NONE"
        }
    ]
}
Response Status
200
Response Body

返回结果是包含修改过的内容在内的整个用户组对象

{
    "target_creator": "admin",
    "target_name": "gremlin",
    "target_url": "127.0.0.1:8080",
    "target_graph": "hugegraph",
    "target_create": "2020-11-12 09:34:13.848",
    "target_resources": [
        {
            "type": "NONE",
            "label": "*",
            "properties": null
        }
    ],
    "id": "-77:gremlin",
    "target_update": "2020-11-12 09:37:12.780"
}

9.4.4 查询资源列表

Params
  • limit: 返回结果条数的上限
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/targets
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "targets": [
        {
            "target_creator": "admin",
            "target_name": "all",
            "target_url": "127.0.0.1:8080",
            "target_graph": "hugegraph",
            "target_create": "2020-11-11 15:32:01.192",
            "target_resources": [
                {
                    "type": "ALL",
                    "label": "*",
                    "properties": null
                }
            ],
            "id": "-77:all",
            "target_update": "2020-11-11 15:32:01.192"
        },
        {
            "target_creator": "admin",
            "target_name": "grant",
            "target_url": "127.0.0.1:8080",
            "target_graph": "hugegraph",
            "target_create": "2020-11-11 15:43:24.841",
            "target_resources": [
                {
                    "type": "GRANT",
                    "label": "*",
                    "properties": null
                }
            ],
            "id": "-77:grant",
            "target_update": "2020-11-11 15:43:24.841"
        }
    ]
}

9.4.5 查询某个资源

Params
  • id: 需要查询的资源 Id
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/targets/-77:grant
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "target_creator": "admin",
    "target_name": "grant",
    "target_url": "127.0.0.1:8080",
    "target_graph": "hugegraph",
    "target_create": "2020-11-11 15:43:24.841",
    "target_resources": [
        {
            "type": "GRANT",
            "label": "*",
            "properties": null
        }
    ],
    "id": "-77:grant",
    "target_update": "2020-11-11 15:43:24.841"
}

9.5 关联角色(Belong)API

关联用户和用户组的关系,一个用户可以关联一个或者多个用户组。用户组拥有相关资源的权限,不同用户组的资源权限可以理解为不同的角色。即给用户关联角色。
关联角色接口包括:用户关联角色的创建、删除、修改和查询。

9.5.1 创建用户的关联角色

Params
  • user: 用户 Id
  • group: 用户组 Id
  • belong_description: 描述
Request Body
{
    "user": "-63:boss",
    "group": "-69:all"
}
Method & Url
POST http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/belongs
Response Status
201
Response Body
{
    "belong_create": "2020-11-11 16:19:35.422",
    "belong_creator": "admin",
    "belong_update": "2020-11-11 16:19:35.422",
    "id": "S-63:boss>-82>>S-69:all",
    "user": "-63:boss",
    "group": "-69:all"
}

9.5.2 删除关联角色

Params
  • id: 需要删除的关联角色 Id
Method & Url
DELETE http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/belongs/S-63:boss>-82>>S-69:grant
Response Status
204
Response Body
1

9.5.3 修改关联角色

关联角色只能修改描述,不能修改 user 和 group 属性,如果需要修改关联角色,需要删除原来关联关系,新增关联角色。

Params
  • id: 需要修改的关联角色 Id
Method & Url
PUT http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/belongs/S-63:boss>-82>>S-69:grant
Request Body

修改belong_description

{
    "belong_description": "update test"
}
Response Status
200
Response Body

返回结果是包含修改过的内容在内的整个用户组对象

{
    "belong_description": "update test",
    "belong_create": "2020-11-12 10:40:21.720",
    "belong_creator": "admin",
    "belong_update": "2020-11-12 10:42:47.265",
    "id": "S-63:boss>-82>>S-69:grant",
    "user": "-63:boss",
    "group": "-69:grant"
}

9.5.4 查询关联角色列表

Params
  • limit: 返回结果条数的上限
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/belongs
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "belongs": [
        {
            "belong_create": "2020-11-11 16:19:35.422",
            "belong_creator": "admin",
            "belong_update": "2020-11-11 16:19:35.422",
            "id": "S-63:boss>-82>>S-69:all",
            "user": "-63:boss",
            "group": "-69:all"
        }
    ]
}

9.5.5 查看某个关联角色

Params
  • id: 需要查询的关联角色 Id
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/belongs/S-63:boss>-82>>S-69:all
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "belong_create": "2020-11-11 16:19:35.422",
    "belong_creator": "admin",
    "belong_update": "2020-11-11 16:19:35.422",
    "id": "S-63:boss>-82>>S-69:all",
    "user": "-63:boss",
    "group": "-69:all"
}

9.6 赋权(Access)API

给用户组赋予资源的权限,主要包含:读操作(READ)、写操作(WRITE)、删除操作(DELETE)、执行操作(EXECUTE)等。
赋权接口包括:赋权的创建、删除、修改和查询。

9.6.1 创建赋权(用户组赋予资源的权限)

Params
  • group: 用户组 Id
  • target: 资源 Id
  • access_permission: 权限许可
  • access_description: 赋权描述

access_permission:

  • READ:读操作,所有的查询,包括查询Schema、查顶点/边,查询顶点和边的数量VERTEX_AGGR/EDGE_AGGR,也包括读图的状态STATUS、变量VAR、任务TASK等;
  • WRITE:写操作,所有的创建、更新操作,包括给Schema增加property key,给顶点增加或更新属性等;
  • DELETE:删除操作,包括删除元数据、删除顶点/边;
  • EXECUTE:执⾏操作,包括执⾏Gremlin语句、执⾏Task、执⾏metadata函数;
Request Body
{
    "group": "-69:all",
    "target": "-77:all",
    "access_permission": "READ"
}
Method & Url
POST http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/accesses
Response Status
201
Response Body
{
    "access_permission": "READ",
    "access_create": "2020-11-11 15:54:54.008",
    "id": "S-69:all>-88>11>S-77:all",
    "access_update": "2020-11-11 15:54:54.008",
    "access_creator": "admin",
    "group": "-69:all",
    "target": "-77:all"
}

9.6.2 删除赋权

Params
  • id: 需要删除的赋权 Id
Method & Url
DELETE http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/accesses/S-69:all>-88>12>S-77:all
Response Status
204
Response Body
1

9.6.3 修改赋权

赋权只能修改描述,不能修改用户组、资源和权限许可,如果需要修改赋权的关系,可以删除原来的赋权关系,新增赋权。

Params
  • id: 需要修改的赋权 Id
Method & Url
PUT http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/accesses/S-69:all>-88>12>S-77:all
Request Body

修改access_description

{
    "access_description": "test"
}
Response Status
200
Response Body

返回结果是包含修改过的内容在内的整个用户组对象

{
    "access_description": "test",
    "access_permission": "WRITE",
    "access_create": "2020-11-12 10:12:03.074",
    "id": "S-69:all>-88>12>S-77:all",
    "access_update": "2020-11-12 10:16:18.637",
    "access_creator": "admin",
    "group": "-69:all",
    "target": "-77:all"
}

9.6.4 查询赋权列表

Params
  • limit: 返回结果条数的上限
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/accesses
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "accesses": [
        {
            "access_permission": "READ",
            "access_create": "2020-11-11 15:54:54.008",
            "id": "S-69:all>-88>11>S-77:all",
            "access_update": "2020-11-11 15:54:54.008",
            "access_creator": "admin",
            "group": "-69:all",
            "target": "-77:all"
        }
    ]
}

9.6.5 查询某个赋权

Params
  • id: 需要查询的赋权 Id
Method & Url
GET http://localhost:8080/graphs/hugegraph/auth/accesses/S-69:all>-88>11>S-77:all
Response Status
200
Response Body
{
    "access_permission": "READ",
    "access_create": "2020-11-11 15:54:54.008",
    "id": "S-69:all>-88>11>S-77:all",
    "access_update": "2020-11-11 15:54:54.008",
    "access_creator": "admin",
    "group": "-69:all",
    "target": "-77:all"
}

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